You could have an officer whose sole purpose is granting funds without peer review.

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I recommend this Revisionist History episode


And the Feng/Cadadevall paper it covers:


The deep problem is that things that are high-risk/high-impact are irreducibly unpredictable. If you're far out from under the streetlight you can't confidently tell whether you will or won't find anything. We'd be better off with a system where the top few obvious must-fund grants get funded and the obviously-never-gonna-work grants don't get funded. And then the middle-tier who-the-hell-knows grants go into a lottery. It would be better than relying on timid bureaucrats to make these decisions. With the acknowledgement that I, myself, am a federal bureaucrat. Although I doubt anybody would call me timid.

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